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PR00649

Identifier
GPR6ORPHANR  [View Relations]  [View Alignment]  
Accession
PR00649
No. of Motifs
7
Creation Date
10-DEC-1996  (UPDATE 07-JUN-1999)
Title
GPR6 orphan receptor signature
Database References
PRINTS; PR90007 7TM; PR90006 GPCRCLAN; PR00237 GPCRRHODOPSN
PRINTS; PR00644 GPRORPHANR
INTERPRO; IPR001151
Literature References
1. ATTWOOD, T.K. AND FINDLAY, J.B.C. 
Fingerprinting G protein-coupled receptors.
PROTEIN ENG. 7(2) 195-203 (1994).
 
2. ATTWOOD, T.K. AND FINDLAY, J.B.C. 
G protein-coupled receptor fingerprints.
7TM, VOLUME 2, EDS. G.VRIEND AND B.BYWATER (1993).
 
3. BIRNBAUMER, L.
G proteins in signal transduction.
ANNU.REV.PHARMACOL.TOXICOL. 30 675-705 (1990).
 
4. CASEY, P.J. AND GILMAN, A.G.
G protein involvement in receptor-effector coupling.
J.BIOL.CHEM. 263(6) 2577-2580 (1988).
 
5. ATTWOOD, T.K. AND FINDLAY, J.B.C. 
Design of a discriminating fingerprint for G protein-coupled receptors.
PROTEIN ENG. 6(2) 167-176 (1993).
 
6. EIDNE, K.A., ZABAVNIK, J., PETERS, T., YOSHIDA, S., ANDERSON, L.
AND TAYLOR, P.L. 
Cloning, sequencing and tissue distribution of a candidate G protein-coupled
receptor from rat pituitary gland.
FEBS LETT. 292 243-248 (1991).
 
7. SONG, Z.H., MODI, W. AND BONNER, T.I.  
Molecular cloning and chromosomal localization of human genes encoding
three closely related G protein-coupled receptors.
GENOMICS 28 347-349 (1995).
 
8. WATSON, S. AND ARKINSTALL,
Orphan receptors.
IN THE G PROTEIN-LINKED RECEPTOR FACTSBOOK, ACADEMIC PRESS, pp223-230.

Documentation
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute a vast protein family that 
encompasses a wide range of functions (including various autocrine, para-
crine and endocrine processes). They show considerable diversity at the 
sequence level, on the basis of which they can be separated into distinct 
groups. We use the term clan to describe the GPCRs, as they embrace a group
of families for which there are indications of evolutionary relationship, 
but between which there is no statistically significant similarity in 
sequence [1]. The currently known clan members include the rhodopsin-like 
GPCRs, the secretin-like GPCRs, the cAMP receptors, the fungal mating
pheromone receptors, and the metabotropic glutamate receptor family.
 
The rhodopsin-like GPCRs themselves represent a widespread protein family 
that includes hormone, neurotransmitter and light receptors, all of
which transduce extracellular signals through interaction with guanine
nucleotide-binding (G) proteins. Although their activating ligands vary 
widely in structure and character, the amino acid sequences of the 
receptors are very similar and are believed to adopt a common structural 
framework comprising 7 transmembrane (TM) helices [3-5]. 
 
Several 7TM receptors have been cloned but their endogenous ligands are
unknown; these have been termed orphan receptors. A new GPCR, GPR12, was
isolated from a rat pituitary library, and is found in discrete regions
of the brain, pituitary and testis, but is absent in other tissues [6-8].
Three human homologues (GPR12, GPR6 and GPR3) have also been isolated [7].
The 3 genes have been localised to human chromosomal regions 13q12, 6q21
and 1p34.3-p36.1 respectively. 
 
GPR6ORPHANR is a 7-element fingerprint that provides a signature for the
GPR6 orphan receptors. The fingerprint was derived from an initial alignment
of 2 sequences: the motifs were drawn from conserved sections within either
loop or N- and C-terminal regions, focusing on those areas of the alignment
that characterise the GPR6 receptors but distinguish them from the rest of
the GPR family - motifs 1-4 span the N-terminus; motif 5 spans the second
cytoplasmic loop; motif 6 spans the third external loop; and motif 7 resides
at the C-terminus. A single iteration on OWL29.0 was required to reach
convergence, no further sequences being identified beyond the starting set.
 
An update on SPTR37_9f identified a true set of 2 sequences.
Summary Information
2 codes involving  7 elements
0 codes involving 6 elements
0 codes involving 5 elements
0 codes involving 4 elements
0 codes involving 3 elements
0 codes involving 2 elements
Composite Feature Index
72222222
60000000
50000000
40000000
30000000
20000000
1234567
True Positives
GPR6_HUMAN    GPR6_RAT      
Sequence Titles
GPR6_HUMAN  Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor GPR6 (G-protein coupled receptor 6) - Homo sapiens (Human). 
GPR6_RAT Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor GPR6 (G-protein coupled receptor 6) - Rattus norvegicus (Rat).
Scan History
OWL29_0    1  40   NSINGLE    
SPTR37_9f 2 3 NSINGLE
Initial Motifs
Motif 1  width=19
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
NASAASLNDSQVVVVAAEG GPR6_HUMAN 2 2 -
NASAAALNESQVVAVAAEG GPR6_RAT 2 2 -

Motif 2 width=18
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
GAAAAATAAGGPDTGEWG GPR6_HUMAN 20 -1 -
GAAAAATAAGTPDTSEWG GPR6_RAT 20 -1 -

Motif 3 width=18
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
AALGAGGGANGSLELSSQ GPR6_HUMAN 42 4 -
AALGGGGGPNGSLELSSQ GPR6_RAT 43 5 -

Motif 4 width=15
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
QLSAGPPGLLLPAVN GPR6_HUMAN 59 -1 -
QLPAGPSGLLLSAVN GPR6_RAT 60 -1 -

Motif 5 width=15
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
SRRTLLGVHLLLAAT GPR6_HUMAN 178 104 -
SRRTLLGVHLLLAAT GPR6_RAT 179 104 -

Motif 6 width=14
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
AIYCVVGSHEDPAV GPR6_HUMAN 296 103 -
AIYCVVGSQEDPAI GPR6_RAT 297 103 -

Motif 7 width=11
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
LLLCGCFQSKV GPR6_HUMAN 342 32 -
LLFCGCFQSKV GPR6_RAT 343 32 -
Final Motifs
Motif 1  width=19
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
NASAASLNDSQVVVVAAEG GPR6_HUMAN 2 2 -
NASAAALNESQVVAVAAEG GPR6_RAT 2 2 -

Motif 2 width=18
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
GAAAAATAAGGPDTGEWG GPR6_HUMAN 20 -1 -
GAAAAATAAGTPDTSEWG GPR6_RAT 20 -1 -

Motif 3 width=18
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
AALGAGGGANGSLELSSQ GPR6_HUMAN 42 4 -
AALGGGGGPNGSLELSSQ GPR6_RAT 43 5 -

Motif 4 width=15
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
QLSAGPPGLLLPAVN GPR6_HUMAN 59 -1 -
QLPAGPSGLLLSAVN GPR6_RAT 60 -1 -

Motif 5 width=15
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
SRRTLLGVHLLLAAT GPR6_HUMAN 178 104 -
SRRTLLGVHLLLAAT GPR6_RAT 179 104 -

Motif 6 width=14
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
AIYCVVGSHEDPAV GPR6_HUMAN 296 103 -
AIYCVVGSQEDPAI GPR6_RAT 297 103 -

Motif 7 width=11
Element Seqn Id St Int Rpt
LLLCGCFQSKV GPR6_HUMAN 342 32 -
LLFCGCFQSKV GPR6_RAT 343 32 -